To conclude this post, it is evident that this photosynthesis vs cellular respiration comparison shows how these two contradict each other with the same results. 6CO2 + 12H2O + light –> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H20, Occurs in algae, plants and some bacteria, Occurs in all living organisms either plants or animals. Despite the differences between these two processes, there are some similarities. On the contrary, photosynthesis occurs in green plants, which contain chlorophyll and uses sunlight and water to convert it into energy. Moreover, cellular respiration can be divided into three metabolic processes as glycolysis, Krebs cycle and electron transport chain. It can occur In all organisms on earth. A Venn Diagram showing Photosynthesis vs. Cellular Respiration. It takes place only within the chloroplast. 5. In summary, both photosynthesis and cellular respiration are important processes occuring in living organisms in order to obtain energy. in Molecular and Applied Microbiology, and PhD in Applied Microbiology. Furthermore, both processes depend on each other. In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are in many respects the “reverse” of one another. During photosynthesis, using the light energy of sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water transform into glucose and oxygen when photosynthetic pigments are present. The […] One difference between cellular respiration and photosynthesis worth mentioning is the stages involved in each of the procedures. However, the process of photosynthesis always starts with the absorption of energy by proteins consisting of chlorophyll pigments. Differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration in table form: Photosynthesis: Respiration: 1. Cellular respiration is a chemical process in which the adenosine triphosphate and nutrients are converted into the biochemical energy. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis is an anabolic process, where the synthesis of organic compounds occurs, storing energy whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process, where the stored organic compounds are utilized, producing energy. 4. The end products of respiration are carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis occurs in the presence of light while cellular respiration is a continuous activity that likes to happen all the time. Plant, algae, and cyanobacteria are the main groups of photoautotrophs. Therefore, we can consider this too as a difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Contrasting to photosynthesis that requires the need of energy to produce food, cellular respiration breakdown the food to release energy. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. It takes place in all the living cells of plant. Summary. This article highlights the difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Photosynthesis involves the production of NADPH while cellular respiration involves the production of both FADH and NADH. In contrast, cellular respiration occurs via three steps: glycolysis, Krebs cycle and electron transport chain. The reactants for cellular respiration are … The key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that photosynthesis utilizes carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen while cellular respiration utilizes glucose and oxygen to produce energy, carbon dioxide, and water. This is glucose, which can then be modified and combined with other glucose molecules to be stored as starches and complex sugars like fructose. 6. Carbon dioxide has the exact opposite chemical … Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Gravity. Electron transport chain occurs at the inner mitochondrial membrane. also read the difference between virus and bacteria. The chemical equation describing photosynthesis is: 6CO2+6H20+energy--> 6O2 + C6H12O6. 1. The other difference is that plants require sunlight for the process to occur, whereas respiration does not. While photosynthesis requires energy and produces food, cellular respiration breaks down food and releases energy. Photosynthesis involves the use of energy from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. “Photosynthetic Cells.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, Available here. The biggest difference between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis only occurs in plants and some bacteria while respiration occurs in all living organisms. Different species perform the photosynthesis process in a variety of ways. Core Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. PLAY. Some differences between photosynthesis and respiration are that photosynthesis only happens in sunlight while respiration happens constantly … Photosynthesis is a metabolic pathway that converts mild power into chemical power.cellular respiration is the set of the metabolic reactions and approaches that ensue in organisms' cells to transform biochemical power from food into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then launch waste products preliminary substrates of photosynthesis are carbon dioxide and water; the flexibility … (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. It is said to be the main process in which a cell of living organisms emits chemical energy to fuel cellular activity. On the other hand, in cellular respiration, oxygen and Glucose release water and carbon dioxide as by-products. Oxygen produced through photosynthesis is essential for the process of respiration of most living creatures on earth. This catabolic process continues throughout the day and night. “Cellular respiration” By Darekk2 – Own work (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Filed Under: Biology Tagged With: cellular respiration, photosynthesis. “Photosynthesis en” By At09kg: originalWattcle : vector graphics – This file was derived from Photosynthesis.gif (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia This process is occurring during cellular respiration and photosynthesis. The process of photosynthesis is used by plants and other photosynthetic organisms to produce energy, whereas the process of cellular respiration breaks down the energy for use. Photosynthesis is a very crucial process which allows life to continue on earth. Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis generates high electron potential energy from light photons while cellular respiration generates high electron potential energy from breaking bonds. Her research interests include Bio-fertilizers, Plant-Microbe Interactions, Molecular Microbiology, Soil Fungi, and Fungal Ecology. Differences. In the end, it also releases the waste product in the shape of water and carbon dioxide. The main difference between photosynthesis and respiration is where it occurs, one being in plants and some bacteria and the other being in most every other living thing. Also, in order for cellular respiration to occur, the presence of catalysts is not necessary; as it happens in the case of photosynthesis where the reaction only occurs in the presence of chlorophyll. Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Equation are as follow. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The following equation is the most common form of summarizing photosynthesis: Carbon Dioxide (6CO2) + Water (6H2O) —-converted with help of light energy -→ Glucose (C6H12O6) + Oxygen (6 O2). In photosynthesis, the reaction only takes place in the presence of chlorophyll while cellular respiration is independent of the catalyst for respiration reaction. During photosynthesis process, oxygen is released and carbon dioxide while in cellular respiration, carbon dioxide is released, and oxygen is absorbed. Similarities between Cell Respiration and Photosynthesis. During photosynthesis process, energy is stored in the form of chemical energy or glucose while in cellular respiration; energy is released in the form of ATP. Cellular respiration is different from the photosynthesis on many grounds in which the major difference is that it don’t require the need of sunlight at all and is always occurring in all living organisms either animals or plants. STUDY. In aerobic respiration, one glucose molecule can generate 36-38 molecules of ATP, but in anaerobic respiration (through glycolysis and fermentation) only 2 ATP molecules could be derived. In photosynthesis, energy is provided by photons while in cellular respiration, energy in provided by the catabolic processes. Additionally, photosynthesis occurs via two steps: light reaction and dark reaction. These organisms are also called as photoautotrophs. Differences between Photosynthesis and Respiration It must be noted that despite being a similar process, photosynthesis and respiration takes place in reverse. It takes place within the mitochondria. for future use. Write. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process that ends in the production of carbohydrate molecules. Similarities between Cellular Respiration and Photosythesis. The differences between photosynthesis vs. cellular respiration include the stages and processes involved, reactants, cell organelles, and chemical reactions. Respiration vs. Photosynthesis The process of respiration takes place in all livings, whereas the process of photosynthesis takes place in the organisms possessing chlorophyllous cells. Cellular respiration uses carbohydrates, fats, and proteins as fuels. Besides, the site of photosynthesis is chloroplasts while the sites of cellular respiration are cytoplasm and mitochondria. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cellular respiration is a catabolic process. Photosynthesis vs. Cellular respiration - - Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are complementary processes by which living things obtain needed substances. Log in Sign up. The catabolic reaction is the primary reaction involved in the cellular respiration process that actually breaks down the larger one molecules into the small molecules by releasing energy in the process as the stronger bonds replace high energy bonds. Glycolysis occurs in the cytosol while Krebs cycle occurs in the mitochondrial matrix. The main difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration is that during the process of photosynthesis energy is stored while energy released in cellular respiration. Equation of Photosynthesis is C6H12O6 + 6O2 ~> 6CO2 + 6H2O and equation of Respiration is 6CO2 + 6H2O ~> C6H12O6 + 6O2. 2. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Furthermore, respiration occurs in all living organisms but photosynthesis occurs only in … The overall reaction takes place in steps of biochemical steps, most of which are redox reactions themselves. “Cellular Respiration.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Feb. 2019, Available here. According to biologists, photosynthesis is responsible for generating and sustaining oxygen content of the Earth’s atmosphere. All living organisms carry out respiration: aerobic respiration in the presences of oxygen, and anaerobic respiration in the absence of oxygen. Upgrade to remove ads. For instance, in photosynthesis, the input, namely, water and carbon dioxide, generate Glucose and oxygen as by-products. Cellular respiration takes place in the mitochondria of cells. They both consume and create the same substances (water, glucose, oxygen, and carbon dioxide) but in different ways. Plants perform both photosynthesis and respiration, while animals can only perform respiration. View Difference Between Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration.docx from BIO 33 at St. John's University. This entire process gives energy to all kind of living organism, and without it, there will be no concept of life on earth. To do this, the chloroplasts will combine units of carbon dioxide into chains of 6 carbons, 12 hydrogens, and 6 oxygens. Moreover, photosynthesis is also responsible for supplying most of the energy and organic compounds necessary for life on Earth. ADVERTISEMENTS: The upcoming discussion will update you about the differences between respiration and photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is a process that is carried out by photoautotrophs. Dark reaction photosynthesis, also known as the Calvin cycle, use Carbone dioxide and the newly formed NADPH to produce phosphogylcerides; the three carbon sugars could combine later to form sugar and starch. Both these processes are dependent on each other; animals feed on fruits produced by plants to obtain organic compounds for their cellular respiration; they also use the oxygen released into the air to breath while plants in turn depend on carbon dioxide exhaled by animals into the air for the process of photosynthesis. Glucose is the most commonly utilized energy source in cellular respiration. Photosynthesis used two electron transport chains while cellular respiration uses one electron transport chain. Cellular respiration, then once more, is a catabolic course of that ends throughout the breakdown of carbohydrate; Photosynthesis happens solely in these cells containing chlorophyll whereas cellular respiration … Cellular respiration takes place in all living organisms in mitochondria, whereas photosynthesis occurs only in plants containing chlorophyll. Core Difference between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis. Match. Cellular respiration takes place in the every living organisms, as it is the simple process of converting oxygen and glucose into carbon dioxide and water and ultimately producing energy for the cells of the body. These are the two reciprocal process, with the same aim of obtaining energy but by using different … Photosynthesis results in the gain of dry mass while cellular respiration results in loss of dry mass. Photosynthesis is an anabolic process, whereas cell respiration is a catabolic process; Photosynthesis: Water is broken down to oxygen to release electrons for an electron transport chain All rights reserved. All living things require a constant supply of energy in order to survive. The biggest difference between photosynthesis and respiration is that photosynthesis only occurs in plants and some bacteria while respiration occurs in all living organisms. Photosynthesis converts the light energy of the sun into chemical energy of sugar by releasing oxygen as a byproduct. Learn. 2. While one is a forward event that seeks to capture, the other is a backward process that seeks to release. Plants are capable of performing both photosynthesis and cellular respiration while animals are capable of performing cellular respiration only. Cellular respiration is not an easy process that happens in few simple steps. 1- In what way does the energy involved with photosynthesis differ from the energy involved NADPH is a reducing agent that can reduce its hydrogen molecule. PLAY. 2. In photosynthesis, the provision of vitality whereas in cellular respiration, chemical bonds are the provision of vitality. Test. So, this is the key difference between photosynthesis and cellular respiration. ATP is the main purpose for cellular respirationwhereas for photosynthesis, ATP is only needed in order to create glucose. Carbohydrate produced by photosynthesis is the simplest form of food that could be processed by living organisms to obtain energy. Photosynthesis can be divided into two main processes: light dependent (light reaction) process and light independent (dark reaction) process. STUDY. Cellular respiration uses glucose and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis is the food making process or energy storage process, whereas respiration is the … What are the differences between Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis? Log in Sign up. 1- In what way does the energy involved with photosynthesis differ from the energy involved Utilizes oxygen and carbohydrates. What is Photosynthesis In fact it could be said that in both cases it is the same process, but in the opposite direction. Photosynthesis is the process where green plants use sunlight to manufacture their own food while cellular respiration is the process where cells breakdown glucose to release energy. Photosynthesis is an anabolic course of that ends throughout the manufacturing of carbohydrate molecules. Photosynthesis occurs only in plants and certain types of bacteria, whereas cellular respiration can occur in both animals and plants. 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